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Stability of a-tocopherol, g-tocopherol and b-carotene during ripening of pasta-filata cheese made from raw and pasteurised milk with different vitamin contents

Vita Maria Marino*, Iris Schadt

1- Consorzio di Ricerca Lattiero Casearia (CoRFiLaC), 97100 Ragusa, Sicilia, Italy

Abstract

Ripening stability of a-tocopherol, g-tocopherol and b-carotene in cheese was evaluated in relation to different milk vitamin content and to the use of either pasteurised or raw milk. Milk from two farms with different management systems was used to obtain different vitamin content. Milk was divided into two parts, of which only one was pasteurised. Four blocks of cheese were made from each batch and ripened for 0, 15, 30, or 60 days at 14e16 C. There was a notable variation in cheese vitamin levels, with the differences in milk vitamin content due to farm management having the highest impact. Pasteurisation had no effect on cheese vitamin content. Cheese g-tocopherol and b-carotene content decreased after 30 and 60 days, respectively, whereas a-tocopherol content remained stable. g- tocopherol appeared to be the most efficient antioxidant in cheese, followed by b-carotene. Vitamin stability was not influenced by milk vitamin content or pasteurisation.

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Vita Maria Marino

Ricercatore Antiossidanti